7. Examples of Invalid Series Trade Marks

Date Published

7.1  Examples of trade marks that do not resemble each other in material particulars

Example 1

Example 2

Example 3

IDAK Television
IDAK 1
IDAK $2.00
IDAK STANDARD
IDAK SYDNEY

Example 4

Class 25 claim for Clothing

SYDNEY CLOTHING
MELBOURNE CLOTHING

Each of the examples above are invalid series as they do not resemble each other in material particulars. The differences are such that they affect the identity of the trade marks when each member of the series is compared to each of the others.


7.2  Examples of trade marks that do not meet the provisions of 51(1)(a),(b) or (c)

Example 1


Example 2

IDAKS
IDAKZ

Example 3

IDAK  VIEW
IDAKVIEW

Example 4

IDAKS
IDACS

Example 5

IDAK
I.D.A.K.

Example 6

Example 7

IDAK
I-DAK

​​​​​​​Although all of the above trade marks may resemble each other in material particulars, their differences are not as specified in paragraph 51(1)(a),(b) or (c).

51(1) (a)  The following are examples of series made invalid under paragraph 51(1)(a) because they do not incorporate statements or representations as to the goods or services in relation to which the trade marks are to be used.

Example 1

Class 35 claim for Accounting

IDAK ACCOUNTING
IDAK MEDICAL

Example 2

Class 11 claim for Refrigerators

IDAK REPAIRS
IDAK REFRIGERATORS

[Examples 1 and 2 include words that do not indicate the goods/services in relation to which the trade marks are to be used - medical and repairs]

Example 3

Class 25 claim for Clothing, footwear, headgear
Class 36 claim for Financial services

IDAK SHIRTS
IDAK HATS
IDAK SLIPPERS
IDAK LOANS
IDAK HOME LOANS
IDAK MORTGAGES

​​​​​​​51(1) (b)  The following are examples of series made invalid under paragraph 51(1)(b) because they do not incorporate statements or representations as to number, price, quality or names of places.

Number

Example 1

IDAK 2
IDAK TWICE

[twice is not a direct reference to number]

Example 2

IDAK 6 pack
IDAK Unlimited

[unlimited is not a direct reference to number]

Price

Example 1

IDAK £
IDAK $
IDAK ¥

[the symbols refer to currency rather than price]

​​​​​​​Quality

Example 1

IDAK DELUXE
IDAK BEGINNING

[beginning is not a reference to quality]

Example 2

Goods/Services- Class 30: Tea/coffee

IDAK PREMIUM
IDAK WEATHER PROOF

[weather proof is not a reference to quality in relation to tea/coffee]

Example 3

Goods/services- Class 31: Alfalfa sprouts

IDAK GOLD
IDAK SILVER
IDAK BRONZE

[gold, silver and bronze are not references to quality in relation to alfalfa sprouts]

Names of Places

Example 1

IDAK MELBOURNE
IDAK EAST

[east is not the name of a place]

Example 2

IDAK GOLD COAST
IDAK REGIONAL

[regional is not the name of a place]

51(1)(c)- the colour of any part of the trade mark

Example

Class 12 claim for Clutches for vehicles

IDAK BLUE
IDAK RED

[red and blue here are not the colour of any part of the trade mark.  They are also not statement as to the goods, which are not ordinarily described in terms of colour]

7.3  Trade marks which resemble each other in material particulars, differ in one or more of the ways specified in paragraphs 51(1)(a),(b) or (c) but incorporate a further change that render them invalid series.

Example 1

IDAK TV
IDAK TELEVISION

[made invalid by enlarged script]

Example 2

IDAK 1
IDAKS 2

[made invalid by differences in spelling]

Example 3

IDAK CLOTHING
idak FOOTWEAR

[made invalid by use of upper and lower case letters]

Example 4

IDAK PERTH
PERTH IDAK

[made invalid by different order of words]

Example 5

IDAK 1
IDAK 2

[made invalid by underline]

Example 6

IDAK $2.00
IDAC $10.00

[made invalid by differences in spelling]

Example 7

IDAK STANDARD
I  DAK DELUXE

[made invalid by separation of word]