Annex A1 - Table of INN stems

Date Published

INN STEMS

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF COMMON STEMS as at 2018 – refer to Parts IIA and IIB of Use of Stems documents at:

https://www.who.int/medicines/services/inn/StemBook_2018.pdf

And Addendum below which is a cumulative list of all new stems selected by the INN Expert Group since the publication of the above document:

https://www.who.int/medicines/services/inn/Addendum_StemBook2018_201902.pdf

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


A

-abine (see -arabine and -citabine)

-ac

-acetam (see -racetam)

-actide

-adol/-adol-

-adom

-afenone

-afil

-aj-

-al

-aldrate

-alol (see -olol)

-alox (see -ox)

-amivir (see vir)

-ampanel

andr

-anib

-anide

-anserin

-antel

-antrone

-apine (see -pine)

-apt-

-(ar)abine

-arit

-arol

-arone

-arotene

arte-

-ase

-ast

-astine

-asvir

-azam (see -azepam)

-azenil

-azepam

-azepide (definition amended in Addendum 4)

-azocine

-azolam (see -azepam)

-azoline

-azone (see -buzone)

-azosin


B

-bacept (see –cept)

-bactam

-bamate

barb

-begron

-benakin (see -kin)

-bendan (see -dan)

-bendazole

-bercept (see – cept)

-bermin (see -ermin)

-bersat

-betasol (see pred)

bol

-bradine

-brate (see -fibrate)

-bufen

-bulin

-butazone (see -buzone)

-buvir (see vir)

-buzone


C

-caine

-cain-

-calcet/ calcet-

calci

-capone

-carbef

-carnil (see -azenil)

-castat (see -stat)

-cavir (see vir)

cef-

-cel

cell-/cel-

cell-ate (see cell-/cel-)

-cellose (see cell-/cel-)

-cept

-cic

-ciclib

-ciclovir (see vir)

-cidin

-ciguat

-cillide (see -cillin)

-cillin

-cillinam (see -cillin)

-cilpine (see -pine)

-cisteine (see -steine)

-citabine

-citinib

-clidine/-clidinium

-clone

-cocept (see –cept)

-cog

-cogin

-conazole

cort

-coxib

-crinat

-crine

-cromil

-curium (see -ium)

-cycline


D

-dan

-dapsone

-decakin (see -kin)

-degib

-denoson

-dermin (see -ermin)

-dil

-dilol (see -dil)

-dipine

-dismase (see -ase)

-dotin

-distim (see -stim)

-dodekin (see -kin)

-dopa

-dotril (see –tril/-trilat)

-dox (see -ox/-alox)

-dralazine

-drine

-dronic acid

-dutant (see -tant)

-dyl (see -dil)


E

-ectin

-elestat (see -stat)

-elvekin (see -kin)

-emcinal

-enicokin (see –kin)

-entan

(-)eptacog (see -cog)

erg

-eridine

-ermin

-ertinib (see - tinib)

estr

-etanide (see -anide)

-ethidine (see -eridine)

-exakin (see -kin)

-exine


F

-farcept (see –cept)

-fenacin

-fenamate (see -fenamic acid)

-fenamic acid

-fenin

-fenine

-fensine

-fentanil

-fentrine

-fermin (see -ermin)

-fiban

-fibrate

-filermin (see -ermin)

-flapon

-flurane

-formin

fos

-fosine (see -fos)

-fosfamide (see -fos)

-fovir (see vir)

-fradil

-frine (see -drine)

-fungin

-fusp

-fylline


G

gab

gado-

-gatran

-gene

gest

-gestr- (see estr)

-giline

-gillin

gli

-gliflozin (see gli)

-gliptin (see gli)

-glitazar (see gli)

-glitazone (see gli)

-glumide

-glurant

-glutide (see -tide)

-golide

-golix

-gosivir (see vir)

-gramostim (see -stim)

-grastim (see -stim)

-grel-/-grel

guan-


I

-ibine (see -ribine)

-icam

-ifene

-igetide (see -tide)

-ilide

imex

-imibe

-imod

-imus

-ine

-inostat (see -stat)

io-

iod-/-io-

-irudin

-isant

-isomide

-ium

-ixibat

-izine (-yzine)


K

-kacin

-kalant

-kalim

-kef-

-kin

-ki(n) (see –mab)

-kinra

-kiren


L

-lefacept (see –cept)

-leukin (see -kin)

-leuton

-lisib

-listat (see -stat)

-lubant

-lukast (see -ast)

-lutamide

-lutril (see –tril/-trilat)


M

-mab

-mantadine

-mantine (see -mantadine)

-mantone (see -mantadine)

-mapimod (see -imod)

-mastat (see -stat)

-meline

mer-/-mer

-mer

-mesine

-mestane

-metacin

-met(h)asone (see pred)

-metinib

-micin

-mifene (see -ifene)

-milast (see -ast)

mito-

-monam

-morelin (see -relin)

-mostim (see -stim)

-motide (see –tide)

-motine

-moxin

-mulin

-mustine

-mycin


N

nab

-nabant

-nacept (see –cept)

-nakin (see -kin)

-nakinra (see -kinra)

nal-

-naritide (see -tide)

-navir (see vir)

-nepag

-nermin (see -ermin)

-nercept (see –cept)

-nertant (see -tant)

-netant (see -tant)

-nicate (see nico-)

-nicline

nico-/nic-/ni-

-nidazole

-nidine (see -onidine)

nifur-

-nil (see -azenil)

nitro-/nitr-/nit-/ni-/-ni-

-nixin

(-)nonacog (see -cog)


O

-octakin (see -kin)

-octadekin (see -kin)

(-)octocog (see -cog)

-ol

-olol

-olone (see pred)

-onakin (see -kin)

-one

-onide

-onidine

-onium (see -ium)

-opamine (see -dopa)

-orex

-orph- (see orphan)

orphan

-otermin (see -ermin)

-ox/-alox

-oxacin

-oxan(e)

-oxanide (see -anide)

-oxef (see cef-)

-oxepin (see -pine)

-oxetine

-oxicam (see -icam)

-oxifene (see -ifene)

-oxopine (see -pine)


P

-pafant

-pamide

-pamil

-parcin

-parib

-parin

-parinux (see -parin)

-patril/patrilat (see -tril/-trilat)

-pendyl (see -dil)

-penem

perfl(u)-

-peridol (see -perone)

-peridone (see -perone)

-perone

-pidem

-pin(e)

-piprant

-piprazole (see -prazole)

-pirone (see -spirone)

-pirox (see -ox/-alox)

-pitant (see -tant)

-plact

-pladib

-planin

-plase (see -ase)

-plasmid (see -gene)

-platin

-plermin (see -ermin)

-plestim (see -stim and -kin)

-plon

-poetin

-porfin

-poride

-pramine

-prazan

-prazole

pred

-prenaline (see -terol)

-pressin

-previr (see vir)

-pride

-pril

-prilat (see -pril)

-prim

-pris

-pristin

-profen

prost

-prostil (see prost)


Q

-quidar

-quin(e)

-quinil (see -azenil)


R

-racetam

-rafenib

-racil

-relin

-relix

-renone

-reotide

-restat (see -stat)

retin

-ribine

rifa-

-rinone

-ritide (see -tide)

-rixin

-rizine (see -izine)

-rolimus (see -imus)

-rozole

-rsen

-rubicin


S

sal

salazo- (see sal)

-salazine/-salazide (see sal)

-salan (see sal)

-sartan

-semide

-sermin (see -ermin)

-serod

-serpine

-sertib

-setron

-siran

som-

-sopine (see -pine)

-spirone

-stat/-stat-

-steine

-ster-

-steride (see -ster-)

-stigmine

-stim

sulfa-

-sulfan


T

-tacept (see –cept)

-tadine

-tansine

-tant

-tapide

-taxel

-tecan

-tegrast (see -ast)

-tegravir (see vir)

-tepa

-tepine (see -pine)

-teplase (see -ase)

-termin (see -ermin)

-terol

-terone

-thiouracil (see -racil)

-tiazem

-tide

-tidine

-tilide (see -ilide)

-tiline (see -triptyline)

-tinib

-tirelin (see -relin)

-tizide

-tocin

-toin

-tolimod

-trakin (see -kin)

-trakinra (see -kinra)

-traline

-tredekin (see -kin)

-trexate

-trexed

-tricin

-tril/-trilat

-triptan

-triptyline

-troban

-trodast (see -ast)

trop


U

-uplase (see -ase)

-uridine


V

-vaptan

-vastatin (see -stat)

-vec (see -gene)

-verine

vin-/-vin

vir

-vircept (see –cept)

-virine (see vir)

-viroc (see vir)

-virsen

-vir(.)mab (see mab)

-vos (see fos)

-vudine (see -uridine)


X

-xaban

-xanox (see -ox/-alox)

-xetan


Y

-yzine (see -izine)


Z

-zafone

-zepine (see -pine)

-zolast (see -ast)

-zolid

-zone (see -buzone)

-zomib

-zotan

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z