Welcome to the new version of the Patents Manual. Please note there are changes to the numbering and sequence of the chapters and pages in the manual. You are encouraged to take the time to explore and familiarise yourself with this new structure. Title of the application

Date Published


A specification should commence with a short and precise title.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Examination practice

There is no need for an objection if the title is inadequate.

Amendments to the title

Applicants can choose to amend the title under s104.

For national phase applications, any request to amend the title on the front page of the PCT pamphlet will be treated as a request to change the record in the case file bibliographic data (see Pamphlet title change for the procedure to follow).

Consistency of title between the documents

The title should be consistent between all documents in the case file. However, no objection arises if the documents are not consistently titled but a relationship between them can otherwise be clearly established.

Where all documents in the case file are consistently titled and the title of one of them is amended, there is no objection to the resulting inconsistency of titles.

Title on the certificate of grant

The title on the certificate of grant is based on the title in the patent request. For national phase applications, it is based on the title that appears on the front page of the PCT pamphlet.

Note: Examiners should be aware that when applicants request an amendment to the title, they almost certainly have an expectation that the amended title will appear on the certificate of grant. If a request to amend the title does not include amending the title on the patent request or in the case bibliographic data, this should be brought to the applicant's attention either by way of a note in any adverse report, or by phone.

Amended Reasons

Amended Reason Date Amended

Published for testing

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